Ayyanki Venkata Ramanaiah, Secretary, Andhra Pradesh Library Association organised an All India Library Meeting on 12th November, 1912 in Madras. This meeting lead to the formation of Indian Library Association (ILA). Later, ILA gave prominence to the 12th November meeting and declared 14th November as National Library Day. This was also the Birth day of our former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Since 1968, 14th-20th November are celebrated as National Library Week all over India. Shri Iyyanki Venkata Ramanayya is recognized as the “Architect of Public Library Movement in India”. He is the first Indian to be awarded the Kaula Gold Medal. Through his career as an influential library leader throughout the entire country, Ramanayya was seen as a respected peer and mentor by S. R. Ranganathan.
Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan ( 12 August 1892 – 27 September 1972) was a mathematician and librarian from India. His most notable contributions to the field were his five laws of library science and the development of the first major analytico-synthetic classification system, the colon classification. He is considered to be the father of library science, documentation, and information science in India and is widely known throughout the rest of the world for his fundamental thinking in the field.
His birthday is observed every year as the National Library Day in India. He was a university librarian and professor of library science at Benares Hindu University (1945–47) and professor of library science at the University of Delhi (1947–55). The last appointment made him director of the first Indian school of librarianship to offer higher degrees. He was president of the Indian Library Association from 1944 to 1953. In 1957 he was elected an honorary member of the International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID) and was made a vice president for life of the Library Association of Great Britain.